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Banff National Park Sightseeing: Sulphur Mountain

Banff National Park has no shortage of sightseeing. In fact, all you really need to do is drive into the park and turn your head from side to side. Actually, that’s probably what you’ll do when you first get here. Once you’ve gotten used to the natural beauty here, you may want to venture out and see the best of the best.

Beauty abounds in Banff National Park.

One of the great ones is Sulphur Mountain. This mountain gets its name from its two most main attractions: the Cave and Basin toward the bottom of the mountain, and the Banff Upper Hot Springs further up. Hot springs are always a sight for sore eyes in the cold Canadian Rockies, and both of these places are well worth visiting.

The Banff Upper Hot Springs, one of 9 commercial hot springs in the in Banff, are seasonal springs, with water flow peaking in the spring and dwindling in winter. In fact, since the early 2000s, this spring’s flow has stopped completely in the winter, and is actually kept flowing with municipal water. The water’s natural source comes from either Sulphur Mountain or nearby Mount Rundle, and it flows through the Sulphur Mountain Thrust Fault, geothermally heated to approximately 38 degrees Celsius.

The Cave and Basin Hot Springs was first explored in the mid-1800s, but they became a primary tourist destination toward the turn of the century when a pair of railroad workers climbed down a felled tree into the cave and realized what an opportunity they were looking at. Today, interpetive hikes and replicas of that time remain … along with the springs themselves, of course.

Sulphur Mountain is about more than just its hot springs, though, no matter how refreshing they might be. One of its attractions, of course, is the fact that it is a mountain, which means it’s there to be climbed.

Today, the Banff Gondola running along the eastern slope can carry you up to the summit. At the ridge, you’ll find two fine restaurants, a gift shop, and numerous lookout points from which you can see the Bow Valley to the west and east. Follow a boardwalk that begins on the north side and you can walk up to Sanson’s Peak, which has an elevation of 2,256 meters (7,402 feet).

For hikers and purists, the true summit of Sulphur Mountain can be reached on a scrambler’s trail on the south side of the mountain. It’s not a hugely difficult climb, and you can get a bit higher than you’ll see at Sanson’s Peak. Sulphur Mountain tops out at 2,451 meters (8,041 feet).

By the way, the meteorological research station remains intact. You can visit the site. It has been preserved as completely as possible.

In 1957, a new laboratory was built on the peak to study cosmic rays. That observatory was operational until 1978, but the building was removed in 1981. Now, a plaque marks the site where it stood.

So the next time you’re in the Canadian Rockies, come warm yourself at the hot springs of Sulphur Mountain, either before or after you climb to a rather spectacular view. Even in a place as special as the Rockies, this is one summit that stands out from the rest.

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